Marina Abramović was born in 1946 in Belgrade. She graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in 1970 and continued post-graduate studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb, which she completed in 1972. Between 1970 and 1973, she took part in the shows and activities based at the Student Cultural Centre in Belgrade with the Group of Six Artists. From the beginning of her career in the early 1970s, she was interested in performance as a form of visual art, using the body as a subject and medium. In her performances, she explored spiritual and physical endurance. She left Yugoslavia in the mid-1970s and moved to Amsterdam where she worked on performances together with her professional and personal partner, Ulay. They worked together for thirteen years. In their joint performances, they explored the parameters of power and subordination between themselves as artists and the public. After 1988, Abramović began to work and exhibit on her own. Today, Marina Abramović is an acclaimed performance artist internationally and has shown her work in leading museums worldwide. Since leaving Yugoslavia she has never returned, and today lives in New York.
- New York, United States
- Spišské Podhradie Spišská kapitula 12, Slovakia 053 04
The writer David Albahari was born in 1948 in Peja (Kosovo).
He studied English literature and language at the University of Belgrade. His first published book was a collection of short stories in 1973. Among various prizes for his work, the most important are the Ivo Andrić Award for the novel Opis smrti [Description of Death] in 1982 and NIN Award for the novel Mamac [Bait] in 1997. In between 1973 and 1994, Albahari worked in editorial board of many Belgrade and Novi Sad based magazines and publishing houses, such as Književna reč, Pismo, Kulture Istoka, Politika, Mezuza, Prva knjiga Matice srpske, among which the most important in the context of cultural opposition was the magazine Vidici.
Polja was among the first magazines to publish his stories. Albahari reflected on this on the fiftieth anniversary of the magazine, stating how much did this support mean to him. (Polja 435, September/October 2005).
His work has been translated into 14 languages. Albahari was translated among others by Nabokov, Updike and Shepard. Although he moved to Canada in 1994 with his family, Albahari does not consider himself a writer in exile and spends time in Serbia too.
In 1937, Vaclovas Aliulis (1921-2015) joined the Marian Order. He completed his studies at the Marian Catholic Gymnasium (an independent religious secondary school) in 1940, and at the Kaunas Seminary in 1945. Aliulis became a Catholic priest in 1944.
Aliulis served as a Catholic priest in various Catholic parishes in Lithuania: in Varėna and Marijampolė (1945 to 1948), and from 1948 in a number of parishes in the Vilnius diocese. At the same time, he was secretary (1965-1979) and chair (1980-1990) of the Liturgical and Church Music Commission of the Lithuanian Conference of Bishops. In 1970-1974, Aliulis was vice-rector of the Kaunas Seminary. In 1974, he was dismissed from the position at the demand of the Soviet government. From 1979, Aliulis lectured on theology and the catechism on underground courses for nuns. He participated actively in underground catechisation, and was a lecturer in the Underground Catholic Seminary, which was established to train priests for Catholic churches in Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and other Soviet republics. Twenty priests were prepared in the seminary to serve in Catholic parishes. Knowing that during Soviet times the official training of priests in the Kaunas Seminary suffered from frequent intervention by the government, the activity of the Underground Catholic Seminary was important to the church and the community of believers.
During the times of Sąjūdis (the Lithuanian national movement, 1988-1990), Aliulis was an organiser of the Catholic press. In 1989, he founded the journal ‘The Catholic World’, and was its editor-in-chief. In 1988-1991, he was a member of the Sąjūdis Council. In 1993-1996, he was the superior of the Marian monastery in Rome, and since 1999 the superior of the Marian monastery in Vilnius.
- Vilnius , Lithuania