Olivera Petrović (1952-2012) was a Serbian journalist and newspaper editor. She studied journalism at the Faculty of Political Science in Belgrade. She worked for the magazines Zdravo, Intervju, Ana and Bazar. Among other things, she wrote feuilletons about censorship practices in the former Yugoslavia in the magazine Intervju.
Miloslav Petrusek was a Czech sociologist. He graduated in philosophy and history from the Faculty of Arts at today’s Masaryk University in Brno. In the first half of the 1960s he taught philosophy and formal logic at the Educational Institute in Zlín and published his first writings on sociology. From 1964 to 1967, he worked as a researcher at the Institute of Socio-Political Sciences at Charles University, where he examined the social stratification of Czechoslovak society. From 1967-1979 he worked as a lecturer at the Department of Sociology at Charles University’s Faculty of Arts, and in the 1980s he worked as an assistant librarian in the Library Centre of the same faculty. During this period he was involved in the development of sociology in the so-called grey zone – for example, he worked with the Brno samizdat group Prameny in the preparation and publication of translations of social-science literature. From 1987, he and Josef Alan published the samizdat journal “Sociological Horizon”. From 1988-1990, he was a researcher at the Institute for Philosophy and Sociology at the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. After 1990, he worked as a university lecturer (he was made a professor in 1992), the dean of Charles University’s Faculty of Social Sciences (1992–1997) and vice-chancellor of Charles University (1997–2000). In 2004, he co-founded the Václav Havel Library. He was one of the most important figures in postwar Czech sociology.
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
Miroslav Petříček is a Czech philosopher and former pupil of Jan Patočka. For political reasons, Petříček was not allowed to study at the university, and until 1990 was employed at the Hydrometeorological Institute. Between 1971 and 1977, Petříček attended the underground seminars of Jan Patočka and in 1990 he received a masterʼs degree from the Faculty of Arts of Charles University. In 1998, he successfully finished his doctoral studies. Five years later, he became an associate professor. Between 1990 and 1992 Petříček worked in the Jan Patočka Archives and at the same time he was an external lecturer at Charles University. Since 1992 he has been working in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Charles University in Prague. From 1992 to 1995 he taught at the Central European University in Prague, and in 1992 he was a research fellow at Institut für die Wissenschaften von Menschen in Vienna. Then he began to lecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and since 2001, he has collaborated with the Center for Audiovisual Studies at the Film and TV school of Academy of Performing Arts in Prague (FAMU). In 2007, Petříček was appointed as a professor of film, television and photographic art and new media – theory of film and multimedia production.
Miroslav Petříček, influenced by Jan Patočka, deals mainly with the contexts of contemporary art. Moreover, he works as a translator, especially of French and German authors. He specialises mainly on contemporary French philosophy and the relationship between philosophy and art.
Petříčekʼs cooperation issuing samizdat volumes of Jan Patočkaʼs works was appreciated by the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and in 1990, Petříček, along with I. Chvatík, P. Kouba, J. Vít and R. Palouš, was awarded the the Academy’s annual prize.
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
Andrej Pešta was a photographer of Roma origin. He was born in Italy in 1921, from where he left after Mussolini took over Italy and turned the country fascist. Here he came into contact with local Roma and learned Romani language. At the age of twenty he entered the Svoboda army as a member of a tank crew. Until the end of the war, however, he fought in Italy on the part of the guerrillas. By believing he was closer to the communist idea and after the war he returned to Czechoslovakia. He worked as a driver or as a commissioner for the eviction of the Germans in Jeseník. In the fifties, after graduating from an industrial evening school, he became the head of various locksmithing operations. At the beginning of the 1960s he became a deputy at the Municipal National Committee in Spisska Nova Ves. In this area, he was also a part of the local Roma community, and he also married a Roma girl. At that time, he met with Roma Milena Hübschmannová, whom he introduced to his Roma environment. At the end of the 1960s, Andrej Pešta appeared in Moravia, where he joined the Gypsy-Roma Union and took part in publishing the magazine “Romano L'il”. This cooperation was interrupted by the Communist power which abolished the Union in 1973. He devoted himself to photographing the everyday life of the Roma. As one of them, he often had access to their homes or intimate moments of family life, and his photographs are a unique testimony to the life of the Roma. These photographs are now owned by the Museum of Romani Culture in Brno, where an exhibition in his honour was also held in 2017-2018 and a book with his photographs and a life story was also published in 2018. The monograph "O Fotki" brings a different view of the Roma. On this instance, the Roma is also behind the lens and shows the world how it wants to be seen. Approximately seventy mostly black-and-white photographs map the life of the Central Bohemian Roma Andrej Pešta in socialist Czechoslovakia.
- Brno, Czech Republic
- Nový Bor, Czech Republic
Pilav went into exile in 1934, but returned to Yugoslavia, to Foča, in 1937 because of disagreements with the fascists. After the establishment of the Ustasha authority, he was imprisoned as traitor in the concentration camps of Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška in 1941, from which he fled.
From 1942, he lived in Vienna, Austria. Pilav stayed there until 1946 when he was caught and rendered to Yugoslavia where he was sentenced to five years in prison for collaborating with the fascists. After his imprisonment, Pilav escaped from Yugoslavia in 1953.
Since 1954 he was found among Adil Zulfikarpašić's circle of friends, which is how Pilav became one of the initiators of Bosnian Views (Bosanski pogledi), for which he wrote a single text related to the fate of Bosniaks during the Second World War. Pilav led a humanitarian organization, the Muslim Social Service (Muslimischer Sozialdienst), which operated in Vienna.He returned to Yugoslavia in 1977 and died in Sarajevo in 1999.