Zaborskaitė (1922-2010) was a literary critic and historian. After she was dismissed from the Department of Lithuanian Literature at Vilnius University in 1961, she worked at the Institute of History. She became an active member of the Sąjūdis movement. She was also a member of the group of scholars who prepared educational reform for the Republic of Lithuania. She is the author of a biography of the famous Lithuanian poet Maironis (1862-1932).
The life, work and activities of Professor Vanda Zaborskaitė are relevant to the theme of cultural opposition for at least three reasons. First of all, in the 1950s and early 1960s, she was a member of the Department of Lithuanian Literature at Vilnius University. At that time, the department came under strong ideological criticism from the government. Zaborskaitė belonged to the so-called group of 'witches' that were forced to leave their positions as lecturers. Secondly, Zaborskaitė's research interests included the life and poetry of the Lithuanian poet Jonas Mačiulis-Maironis. While Maironis was not banned as an author in Soviet Lithuania, the estimation of his personality was complicated. Thirdly, Zaborskaitė was religious since her early childhood. She kept in touch with a number of Catholic priests, keeping up a correspondence with them.
- Vilnius , Lithuania
Adriana Zaharijević studied political science at the University in Belgrade. She is a junior researcher at the Faculty of Political Sciences. At present she is also a co-director of the Women’s Studies Center. She has been employed at the Institute of Philosophy and Social Theory since 2013, and since 2016 she has been working as an assistant professor at the University of Novi Sad.
In addition, she was previously program director of the Third Program of Radio Belgrade from 2004 to 2011. Since 2003 Zaharijević has been a member of the Association of Literary Translators of Serbia. Her fields of interest are political philosophy, contemporary feminist theory and history of the nineteenth century. She has published two monographs and over sixty works, which she has presented in Serbia and around the world. Her current theoretical interests are in the field of critical engagement. Key publications of Zaharijević include Somebody Said Feminism? (ed., 2007, 2008); Becoming A Woman (2010); “Radical Feminism” in Introduction to Gender Theories (Novi Sad, 2011).
- Belgrade, Serbia
Jan Zahradníček was a Czech poet, writer, translator, critic, and journalist. He is known for his Catholic and anti-communist poetry. His first poems appeared in 1924 in Studentský časopis. Zahradníček subsequently contributed to many other journals and newspapers (e.g. Tvar, Listy pro umění a kritiku, Archa, Host, Literární noviny, Kvart, Lidové noviny). His first collection of poems, entitled Pokušení smrti (The Temptation of Death), was published in 1930. In 1929 and 1930 Zahradníček passed librarian exams. He edited the literary review Akord (1940–1948) and worked as an editor at Brněnské tiskárny publishing house (1945–1949). After the Communist coup of February 1948, Zahradníček was expelled from the Union of Czechoslovak Writers because of his Catholic and anti-communist attitudes. In June 1951, he was accused of espionage and subversions against the Communist regime and arrested. A year later, he was sentenced to 13 years in prison. During his imprisonment, he continued writing poetry. Poems from this period were published later, after Zahradníčekʼs death, in the collections Čtyři léta (Four years, 1969) and Dům Strach (House of Fear, 1981). These poems reflected not only his difficult life in prison, but also family tragedy – his two daughters died in 1956 from mushroom poisoning. Apart from these two collections, Zahradníčekʼs reflection of the Communist regime can be found in the poetry collections La Saletta (1947) and Znamení moci (Sign of Power, 1951). However, Znamení moci could not be published until 1990. Zahradníček was granted amnesty and released in 1960, although, due to his poor health, he died soon after his release. Before 1989, Communist authorities tried to remove Zahradníčekʼs name from the official history of Czech literature. Thus, before 1989, his work could only be published – with some exceptions during the late 1960s – as samizdat or in exile.
- Třebíč, Czech Republic
Pavel Zajíček is a Czech poet, musician, artist and was a leading figure of the Czech underground. He cooperated with the underground band Plastic People of the Universe and in 1973 he founded, together with Milan Hlavsa, the band DG 307. Zajíček wrote lyrics for these bands. In 1976, he was sentenced to a year in prison. After his release, he was a signatory to Charter 77. In 1980, he emigrated from Czechoslovakia to Sweden and later to the United States of America.
- Gothenburg, Sweden
- Mařenice, Czech Republic
- New York, United States
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
- Uppsala, Sweden
Zajączkowski had been documenting demonstrations and other activities by A-Cyclists group and different collectives representative for the anarchistic-ecological-punk orientation. In this way he spontaneously created the majority of the Fuck 89 archive. He had maintained the archive till 2014 when the 'Fuck 89' exhibition was organised on the basis of the collection. After the exhibition in Warsaw the archive was presented in a few other cities and became a common property of anarchist movement.
Zajączkowski played a major role in so-called youth opposition in Warsaw in times of Polish People's Republic. In the first years of the 1980s he was brought to the 'Solidarity' demonstrations by his father. A few years later he became one of the leaders of the anarchist movement in the Polish capital. Hostile toward socialist government, the anarchists were at the same time strongly critical toward 'Solidarity' and its bosses.
Adam Ryć, Arkadiusz ‘Owca’ Zajączkowski, “Protesty, sabotaż i ZOMO”, Anarchist Federation, http://www.federacja-anarchistyczna.pl/index.php/wybory/item/889-protesty-sabotaz-i-zomo.
Tymoteusz Onyszkiewicz, “Czas: anarchia, tryb: rewolucja. Wspomnienia warszawskiego anarchisty 1989-1991”, 2014.
- Bytom, Poland