Urbs Paterna was the manuscript newspaper compiled by activists from Noor-Tartu (Young-Tartu). Its first issue bore the name Kodulinna Teataja (Journal of the Hometown). Urbs Paterna was reproduced manually in a few copies, and not all issues have been preserved. These rare copies were passed from hand to hand. In this way, Noor-Tartu also avoided the censor.
This number is the third, and dates from 11 April 1980. This and other numbers do not contain any opposition content, only articles about culture, poetry, and discussions about the movement. It is not known whether the authorities reacted in any way to this issue, for at that time the movement could act relatively freely, and without major restrictions.
Like the entire collection, this particular copy of the newspaper belongs to the core group of Noor-Tartu. It has not attracted wider attention, which is the intention of the current holder of the collection. Only Indrek Riigor briefly mentioned the newspaper in his BA thesis. It is possible that it will be used for research after the collection is given to an institution.
An explanatory letter from Daina Lasmane, the director of the Dole History Museum, to an official at the Latvian SSR Ministry of Culture about the First River Daugava Festival was written in 1979. It alludes to some accusations against the organisers of the festival, but also the fact that the authorities did not want to voice any official accusations, which was rather typical in the 1970s and 1980s, when repressions against cultural personalities were often covert, or were based on the belief that a reprimand was enough to correct the behaviour of the people involved.
- Dolesmuiža, Latvia 2121
- Lasmane, Daina
- Kapcsolódó gyűjtemény:
During the general assembly of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party held from 14 to 17 November 1968, the following principle was confirmed: “Press, broadcast, and television are in the first place the instruments of the enforcement of party and state policy [...] When the employees of the mass media are not loyal to the fundamental interests of the state and of socialism, and to their own organisation’s policies, it is necessary to draw organisational and individual consequences.” The November resolution became the first official authorization of the “normalization” policy.The selected section of the SÚTI fund/collection monitors the gradual adoption of this “new orientation” of individual mass media and gives concrete examples of insufficiently following the “normalization” path. The section contains the set of very detailed assessments of the articles and reports published by official mass media. By this means, the collection points out another dimension of censorship, which was aimed not only at forms of open opposition, but concentrated also on continual “purges” of mass media from the “sediments” of unsatisfactory political involvement, ignorance of certain political events, lax approach to processed topics or, in Slovak case especially, inappropriate nationalistic tendencies or excessive influence of the Catholic Church.
The invasion of Warsaw-Pact troops and the defeat of the Prague Spring shocked Brigitte Reimann. At precisely this moment, she lost all trust in the leadership of the GDR. Reimann noted in her diary on the 21st of August 1968:
[Transcription of the scanned masterpiece]
Hoy[erswerda], 21. August 68.
Troops of the SU [Soviet Union] and five members of the Warsaw Pact have occupied the CSSR [Czechoslovak Socialist Republic]. Shocking. My phone has been ringing the entire morning, calls from all sorts of people who are horrified and drained. All day, I have sat next to the radio listening to the news. GDR-channels have not said a thing, repeating only the official TASS-release and the deceitful appeal of the SED-government to its citizens to show friendship, brotherhood and love to the Czech people, while at the same time tanks are rolling through Prague and Plzen and all of the other large cities of the CSSR. Once again German uniforms in Prague. Dubcek and the ringleaders have either been arrested or carried off, who knows, we have heard nothing about their fate. And what hopes we had for the ‚Model‘ CSSR! Unbelievable that Stalinism is still enforced with these methods. Supposedly, there is an “Outpouring of Declarations of Support” emanating from the GDR. We are so bitter, no longer able to trust (supposing we were ever able to trust this ‚sort‘.) My trip to N[eubrandenburg] has been delayed, I feel paralyzed.
The glasses of Jerzy Ludwiński are one of the private items given to the Zacheta Lower Silesian Fine Arts Association in 2008 by his wife Małgorzata Iwanowska-Ludwińska. In those glasses Ludwiński wrote most of his texts. It is worth mentioning that the glasses are one of the few objects on the exhibition which are connected to Ludwiński’s everyday life, as the rest of the exposition concentrates on his theoretical and critical thought, and his organisational activity.
- Wrocław plac Strzegomski 2a, Poland 53-681
- Kapcsolódó gyűjtemény: